Monday, 26 August 2019

NOTES AND QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS || TELEVISION ||BY Roald Dahl || ICSE CLASS IX AND X ||ENGLISH LITERATURE

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1. What does the poet want to convince the readers through this poem?

ANSWER- Roald Dahl, the renowned American Poet Novelist, in his poem Television mocks at the ridiculous habit of parents in letting their children spend their time in front of Television.The
the poet begins the poem as a warning.No Parents should ever let their children watch the idiotic
thing. They grew addicted to it in no time. They eventually lose interest in everything else other
than television. The poet wants the parents to realize their folly of allowing their children to sit
glued onto the t.v set. Instead, he wished them to be more careful in rearing them up. The
children, at a very early age, get used to watching television incessantly and that leads them to
an unavoidable dangerous situation. Children lose much of their creative thinking. They swallow
junk shows that lie undigested. The pulp is received by them on a daily basis. They are at the
verge of an imagination wreck. Books and reading become secondary. Neither could they
sustain interest in pursuing anything written. The wild imagination of a child thus becomes a clay
pool. Besides all this, watching television has health hazards as well. So Roald Dahl, advises
everyone not to install this idiotic thing.

2."In almost every house we have been
we have watched them gaping at the screen
They loll and slop1 and lounge about
And stare until their eyes pop out"
Explain the above lines.

ANSWER-
The above lines are from the popular poem Television by the renowned poet and novelist
Roald Dahl. The poet seems very much concerned about the young kids who were exposed to
television at a very young age. He raises a pointed finger on those parents who let their children
watch television for hours so that they won't bother them any longer. Unaware of the danger
behind such an unmindful action, these parents lead a comfortable and seemingly peaceful life
at home. They could do their works as the kids would sit silently for hours. Through this poem,
the poet mocks the parents and warns them as well. Kids are completely lost in the television
and they walk and eat and do every other activity sitting glued onto the television. They
would go on watching until their eyes pop out. Children prefer watching television as they
have nothing to endeavor themselves. Everything is presented to them in visuals. Their brain
eventually stops functioning. They feel no appetite for reading or deciphering. Their creative skills
die within. They become good for nothing fellows who could not think for themselves. The
poem is an eye-opener for the parents who think that they make their children happy
by letting them watch television. They think it as one of their parental obligations. They who are busy with themselves find it difficult to give time to their kids find comfort in thinking that they keep their kids engaged and happy by television. They never realize that they are doing 
irreparable harm their beloved kids
.
3."Last week in someone's place we saw a dozen eyeballs on the floor"Explain.

ANSWER
The poet wants the readers to go deep into the gravity of the situation. It is not a figment of his
imagination. The poet says that the harms a television may inject in a child are innumerable.At
his tender age, he should be told stories to ignite his imagination, he should be given books to
read so that he could predict a possible ending of his own. Sitting in front of the television
chops up all such possibilities. He thinks mashed up. He reacts seldom. He is more of a sick
body than an active child. His childhood no longer lingers in his mind when he grows up.He
would not be able to b solve the puzzles of real life. He would thus become a great failure in life
as well. The poet wanted to make fun of the situation and warn the parents that they are really
spoiling their own kids' lives. The figure of speech used is hyperbole. It's a kind of an
exaggeration that states the seriousness of the situation. A dozen eyeballs refer to a group of
children sitting in front of the television, unmindful of the world outside.

4. How are the parents being benefited by the television?

ANSWER
The poet Roald Dahl, warns the parents about the destruction they cause on their kids. The
parents who let their children watch television for hours on end, benefit from it too. They don't
have to get involved with their childish antics. Neither are they worried about their neighbors’
complaints of breaking window glasses or they would not have to scold the kids for fighting and
kicking eachother.No naughty kid would climb on a window and wreck your nerves. Parents
would get immense time for themselves. They could peacefully engage in their works. None of
them would be interrupted from the flow of their world by the incessant queries of the kids. The
parents are at ease while the kids are engaged. They are silent almost all the time.

5. According to the poet what exactly does television do to a younger kid?

ANSWER
The poet Roald Dahl, in his poem titled as television talks on the ghastly threats a kid is
exposed to if he is allowed to watch it for long.The kids who watch television slowly become
addictive  to it. They become senseless as they lose their reasoning power. Everything is
presented to them as visuals in quick succession. So they stop thinking for themselves. The
inquisitive nature of a kid dies with himself. Their brains rot because of zero use. The
imagination that lives vividly in the mind of a kid dies for good. It is junk in their mind. It clogs
their thoughts and clutters their mind. Minds, if not cleaned remain as a sick unit and cause
psychological ailments. The children always remain dull and blind. They see nothing outside.
The children fail to understand the difference in a fantasy and a fairyland. Their brain reduces itself to a mashed cheese. They could no longer think. They only see. The power of discretion dies. The child gets reduced to a live statue without any emotions and feelings. He is in a different world of his own where the serial characters fight and destroy for no sane reasons.


6. What could be the possible reactions the poet anticipates from the parents?

ANSWER
The poet anticipates that the parents may shout that they were right in allowing their kids in
watching TV, since it gives them happiness. What else should they give their beloved children to
get them engaged.
How will we keep the children amused if the weren't allowed television? They would ask the poet for more suggestions as to how to make their kids most delighted. The
parents would never admit their folly. The parents would make faces reacting to this warning.
They would finalize that they were right. The air of knowing everything make them sound harsh.

7. What answer does the poet have in-store as a reply for them?

ANSWER
The poet points out that before television was invented people did live a contented life. They too
had their leisure times. They gave birth to kids as well. Their kids grew too. But how did they
manage to spend their time or how did they live at that time or how did their kids get
entertained? There is a solid answer for all these queries. They had books. They read and read
and read. Books were everywhere. They ate and drank reading books. They woke up with books
and books were even beside their pillows while they sleep. They never felt bored. They never lose
their connection with books. More books waited for them to be read. They lost themselves in the
labyrinth of mysteries and fairytales and adventures. They lived with those characters. The
younger ones grew with many spirits. They were never fed up with reading and growing with such
tales. Books met their needs.

8. What request does the poet make to the parents?

ANSWER
The poet Roald Dahl, in his poem television talks about the harmful effects of keeping
television installed in houses. He says that television is detrimental to the mental and physical
growth of kids. He says that there was a time when television was not in vogue and people lived
a fruitful life. Kids were imaginative and more creative. They could face life more easily. They
have fought and won many battles and have been to places exotic through books. All their
needs were met by books and they had a healthy attitude towards life as well. Hence the
poet advises parents not to install the television at all. If, installed undo the television as early as
possible and instead of it keep bookshelves everywhere with beautiful books. The kids would
gradually turn to books one-day. Having Nothing to do would make them turn the pages and
once their reading is ignited no one can stop them from reading. Maybe, for the time being, they
may feel angry for breaking their comfort zones. But when they grow up, definitely they will be
truly thankful for the most valuable gift that you have endowed upon them. They will love you
more for what you did for them. They will realize how foul and unclean and junk were the things
that they have been watching on that idiotic box.

9.Explain"Great Scots and Gadzooks"

ANSWER
It is an expression used by the poet to show his annoyance at the parents who pretend that they
did a wonderful thing in letting the kids watch television.



10. How would the children react if the television is uninstalled?

ANSWER
The children may grow tempered. They may shout and yell at the parents for not letting them do
something which they are used to do. They would kick and bite you to show their extreme
displeasure and uncomfortableness. They would constantly fight and nag with parents for getting back their television. They would feel completely deprived of all their rights and would go on
resisting until their wish is granted. But still, the poet tells that kids would soon turn to books
having nothing else to do
.
11. Figures Of Speech Used In The Poem

ANSWER
Apart from a load of visual images, the poet has used a number of poetic techniques to make
his poem more alluring. They are similes, alliteration, and hyperbole. Similes are comparisons that use as or like
for example.
His brain becomes as soft as cheese.
"And pirates wearing purple pants" is an example for alliteration. The consonant"p" recurs
throughout the line.
And in its place you can install..is an example for assonance where a nearby vowel repeats.
For
example"i"repeats in,"in"and"its"and finally in"Install"

Synecdoche is a figure of speech used to refer apart by the whole or vice versa
.Ex..
Pair of eyeballs for referring children.

Personification. The poet has attributed human qualities to the television.

Ex..It kills imagination dead.Television is supposed to be imagined as someone with hands
and legs to perform an action.
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The author is a passionate blogger, writer and educationalist. This blog is created to ease troubles of the Cbse students. The author holds multiple blogs and the writer of the Novel KALCHAKRA, OOM AND THE CHOSEN FIVE..

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